Miami Beach 411
Like what you see? Let's talk about how
we can help your vacation --> Contact Us
  • Homepage
  • Plan Your Trip
  • Travel Forum
  • News & Events
  • Maps
  • Transportation
  • Tours
  • Hotels
  • Travel Tips
  • Reader's Reviews
  • News Archives
  • Need help? Call us! - 1-305-754-2206

Touring The Kampong Gardens (Pictures)

August 12, 2008 By Maria de los Angeles in Miami: Local News  | 7 Comments

image

Tucked away at the south end of Coconut Grove is one of Miami’s oldest landmarks, the Kampong.  One of its most famous residents, plant explorer Dr. David Fairchild, named the waterfront property after the Malaysian word for village.

If you drive by fast enough, you might miss the sign that marks this historic site, in addition to a beautiful, enormous Banyan tree behind the limestone wall off Douglas Road.  Behind the green, wrought-iron gate is a lush, tropical orchard and garden that currently serves as the only Congress-chartered National Tropical Botanical Garden in the continental US.  (Its four sister gardens are in Hawaii.)  True to its mission, the privately funded NTBG advances scientific research, public education and plant conservation.

But it’s the history here, as well as the collection of plants, that captivates the imagination.  To understand the full range of this property’s history, we need to go back to the 19th century, when Jolly Jack Peacock sold the land to J.W. Ewan (aka “Duke of Dade”) for $50 in 1876.  Ewan settled here, planting fruit trees and pineapple.  In 1892, Albion R. Simmons and his wife Dr. Eleanor Galt Simmons brought the property from Ewan.  Dr. Galt Simmons was the first female physician to work in the area.  She built a barn from local limestone and Dade County pine, which still stands on the property.  The story goes that she made house calls on a mule and that Miccosukee Indians would camp out on the property to seek treatment.

In 1916, David Fairchild and his wife Marian purchased the property, which became their winter home.  As Chief of the Seed and Plant Introduction Section of the US Department of Agriculture, David Fairchild explored the world and introduced about 20,000 types of plants to this country, some of which he planted at The Kampong.  Barbour Lathrop, a wealthy American philanthropist, sponsored many of Fairchild’s expeditions.  “Fairchild helped establish avocado in California,” said David Lee, director of The Kampong.  “His work broadened the American palette by introducing many kinds of fruit.”

David Fairchild built a second story above Dr. Galt Simmon’s cottage where he wrote many books about his travels as botanist, horticulturalist and plant collector, including the popular work, The World Was My Garden.  The study remains just as Fairchild left it, with artifacts from his desk, copious books and framed pictures on the walls.  You can see a large Bignay tree from the window that Fairchild must’ve looked out of so many times.  He used to make juice from the fruit.  On the day I visited, a few cherry-headed parrots were quietly nibbling away at the abundant berries.

In 1928, Edward Clarence Dean designed the main house, relying on an oriental style inspired by Fairchild’s many travels to Southeast Asia.  A lawn stretches out to a tennis court and beyond that, a carved-out boat channel extends to Biscayne Bay.  But the real stunners on this 11-acre property are the hundreds of trees planted throughout, which include an exotic Buddha’s Hand – a tree that’s sacred in Southeast Asia – as well as an African Baobab.

Fairchild’s wife was the daughter of Alexander Graham Bell. Her sister, Elsie, was married to Gilbert Grovesnor, the first editor of National Geographic Magazine, credited with building the publication’s greatness.  In 1931, the Grosvenors purchased the property adjacent to the Kampong and called it Hissar, after the small town in Turkey where Grovesnor was born.  Today, the property is private and boasts one of the oldest standing homes in Miami, which I had the opportunity to see.  It is beautifully maintained, surrounded by a lawn and mango trees.  There are a total of seven historic structures between The Kampong and Hissar properties, five on The Kampong alone.

The Kampong was not only the home of two renowned families in the world of invention and exploration, but also the place where Fairchild, Marjory Stoneman Douglas and Ernest Coe conceived the idea of an Everglades National Park.  The historic meeting took place in the living room and it’s no small irony—the original, natural landscape here before human intervention was pineland and salt grass marsh fed by fresh water from the Everglades.

Many famous people came to the Kampong in Fairchild’s time, include Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison and Henry Ford. 

In 1963, Mr. and Mrs. Edward Sweeney purchased the property after Marian Fairchild’s passing; she survived her husband David by 8 years.  It was Mrs. Sweeney who guarded the Kampong from prospective developers and by 1984, it found a spot on the National Register of Historic Places.  That same year, Mrs. Sweeney donated the property along with an endowment.

Today, the Kampong plays a significant role in education.  The organization offers graduate and professional level courses.  Its collection of plants provides an ideal resource for many students who would otherwise have to travel abroad for fieldwork.  The property has an eco-friendly dormitory on site, which houses up to 12 students. Harvard University offers an annual summer course called “Plants of the Tropics.”

Fairchild’s legacy remains alive in the many edible, ornamental and ethnobotanical specimens that thrive at the Kampong.  (Fairchild provided the name for Fairchild Tropical Botanic Gardens, located further south off Biscayne Bay, which was established in 1938 by Robert H. Montgomery; however, both are separate institutions.)

You can take a self-guided tour of The Kampong by calling ahead and making a reservation.  Guided and group tours are also available.  Visiting hours are 9 am to 2 pm, Monday through Friday.  Admission is $10 (adults), $5 (students 7 or older) and free for children under 6 years of age.  Call (305) 442-7169 for more information.

THE TREES AND PLANTS

image
This Banyan tree at the entrance to the Kampong is about 375 feet (114 meters) in circumference at eye level.

image
Bignay fruit is native to Southeast Asia.  Fairchild developed this variety, which bears his name.

image
Ripe coffee beans in the garden.

image
Aquatic plants at The Kampong.

image
The Ficus tree is considered sacred in the Hindu and Buddhist religions.

image
Fruit trees in the orchard.

image
An impressive set of bromeliads.

image
One of several winding paths in the garden.

THE POINT

image
A shaded tree grove and lawn lead to the water’s edge on Biscayne Bay.

image
The area called “The Point” offers a great view of the bay.

THE BARN

image
In the 1890s Dr. Galt Simmons used this barn for her medical practice.  Fairchild later built a study above it.

image
The original doorbell used by Dr. Galt Simmons.

image
Objects belonging to Fairchild in the study.

THE MAIN HOUSE

image
The Main House at The Kampong was designed by Edward Clarence Dean in 1928.

image
A Balinese soft stone carving adorns one of the doors in the Main House.

image
The Main House.

image
The view from the Main House.

image
One of several oriental sculptures that adorn the grounds.  This one is at the entrance of the Main House.

Related Categories: 101 Attractions Miami: Local News,

About the Author: Maria de los Angeles is a freelance wordsmith who loves to write about all things travel in Florida and the Caribbean. She is also the author of the award-winning blog Sex and the Beach.

See more articles by Maria de los Angeles.

See more articles by Maria de los Angeles

Was This Post Helpful? Please Share It With Others!

You Deserve More Than an Ordinary Vacation.
Travel with Miami Beach 411 Today!
  • Over 10 years of excellent service guiding tours. Awarded a TripAdvisor Certificate of Excellence.
  • Large fleet of new motor coaches, tour buses, and luxury vans. Technology you won't find anywhere.
  • Highly skilled, professional drivers and guides. From people who love what they do.
The Miami Beach 411 Travel Store is Open 24/7.
Search for Tours & Transportation

7 Comments on

"Touring The Kampong Gardens (Pictures)"

Doug says:

Wow, that’s beautiful! I never even knew it existed! Thanks for the great article, Maria! I need to get down there…

Posted on 08/15/2008 at 9:47 PM

Lynn says:

From the pictures this place looks amazing. I pass this area every day and finally i had to catch a glimpse of the name so i could look it up on the web. I would love to bring my kids so we can explore KAMPONG!

Posted on 10/22/2008 at 8:26 PM

Maria de los Angeles says:

Hi Lynn, thanks for stopping by here. Yeah, it’s definitely worth checking out.  I recommend you contact the garden and arrange a tour.

Posted on 10/22/2008 at 8:45 PM

Pareidoliac says:

Excellent write, the title attracted me because I spent quite some time in Malaysia and Singapore in the past and am familiar with the term ‘kampong’.

It made me think of the Lat series of comics actually http://www.firstsecondbooks.com/kampungBoy.html

The banyan tree is really one of my favorite trees, its visually so fascinating in the way it grows!

Posted on 01/01/2009 at 12:43 AM

Maria de los Angeles says:

Pareidoliac, thanks for stopping by! I’ll have to check out that comic series. It seems really interesting.  Yeah, the banyan is a tree hugger’s dream. There are many banyans growing in the South Miami area.

Posted on 01/02/2009 at 2:35 PM

Outdoor Statues says:

What a gorgeous and tranquil garden - I’d love to try to recreate some of this in my own home.

Posted on 01/25/2009 at 9:38 PM

Maria de los Angeles says:

The Kampong is now accepting volunteers.  If interested, please call the number in the article.

Posted on 05/20/2009 at 1:31 PM

Commenting is not available in this weblog entry.
Discuss the surrounding area in our hugely popular Miami forum.
Today's Miami Specials
Like what you see? Let's talk about
how we can help your vacation
--> Contact Us