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The Arthur McDuffie Riots of 1980

August 12, 2007 By Matt Meltzer in Miami: Local News  | 41 Comments

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There are a great many phrases you can use to describe greater Miami, but “racially harmonious” would not be one of them. From the days of employment identification cards required for people of color to get into Miami Beach, to near-riots over a civic language ordinance, there has always been racial tension in Dade County. And while racial and cultural issues still remain a major concern in 21st century South Florida, never were our problems more evident than in the late spring of 1980.

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A CITY AT THE BOILING POINT

The Miami race riots (also known as the Arthur McDuffie Riots) of May 1980 were the first major race riots after the end of the civil rights movement. The Miami Black community, long abused and neglected by civic leaders who, among other things, placed I-95 straight through the cultural center of their neighborhoods, was getting angrier by the day. Recently arrived Latin and Haitian immigrants were taking jobs and social benefits that had traditionally belonged to Blacks. Cuban refugees wielding money and power were beginning to take control of the city, and as such were awarding minority contracts and jobs to Cubans instead of African-Americans. This, combined with the continuous poverty and degradation of their neighborhoods, had Miami’s Black community ready to snap.

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And so it was in this volatile environment that former Marine Arthur McDuffie rode his Kawasaki motorcycle at over 100 mph on the morning of December 17, 1979. Several Miami police spotted McDuffie and attempted to pull him over. Because he had a suspended license and had already received one ticket for it, the Black insurance salesman fled. After a few minutes of leading the police on a high-speed chase, McDuffie finally pulled over, throwing his hands in the air and saying “I give up.”

The police, possibly stressed from the ever-increasing crime in the area or maybe just hell-bent on making someone pay, did not accept McDuffie’s surrender. According to witnesses (most of them police) he was surrounded by a dozen Miami police officers and beaten. And beaten and beaten some more. Some held him down while others struck him with batons and flashlights. His skull was cracked clean in half and after 8 minutes of severe violence he was taken to a nearby hospital where he slipped into a coma and died 4 days later. The officers claimed that McDuffie had sustained his injuries as he fell off his bike. The Dade County Coroner saw things a little differently.

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UNLESS HE FELL OFF THE BIKE, BOUNCED, AND HIT HIS HEAD 12 TIMES, YOU’RE LYING

According to the coroner, there was no way the multiple blunt-force wounds McDuffie received would have been possible from a mere bike accident. The police department began an investigation of the officers involved and found a very different story than the one mentioned in the officers’ reports. After the internal inquiry was over, it became apparent that what happened to McDuffie was no accident. He had been handcuffed, pulled off his bike, and beaten severely. In an attempt to cover up their wrongdoings, the police went to great lengths to make the scene look like an accident. They drove over McDuffie’s bike with a squad car to make it look accident damaged. The gouged the road with a tire iron to look like bike tracks and threw the victims watch down a gutter. But these small acts could not cover up what they had done.

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As the investigation continued, the brutality of the beating became more evident. Witnesses described the officers as fighting to take turns for a shot at McDuffie. Another described them as “a pack of wild dogs attacking a piece of meat.” The assault continued for nearly 20 minutes, with McDuffie being smashed across the head with a flashlight, cracking his skull “like an egg,” as the prosecution later put it. Originally, six officers were to be indicted for McDuffie’s Death: Officer Alex Marrero for 2nd degree murder, Sgt. Ira Diggs and Officer Michael Watts for manslaughter and aggravated battery and Officer Ubaldo Deltoro and Sgt. Herbert Evens, Jr. for accessory after the fact. Officer William Hanlon was also to be charged, but his testimony was thrown out by Judge Lenore Nesbitt. All except for Marrero, a Cuban, were white.

Hanlon had been accused of holding McDuffie down while others beat him, and for assisting with the cover-up. But during his polygraph examination, he had apparently not been informed of his right to remain silent or his right to an attorney. His account of the incident, which had led to much of the prosecutions case, was immediately thrown out. This was especially important in the case against Officer Marrero, whom Hanlon had claimed to have delivered a two-handed flashlight blow to McDuffie’s head. Marrero found allies in Miami’s Cuban-American community, claiming that he was being scapegoated because he was the only minority involved in the incident. This, of course, was back when a Cuban-American could claim minority status in Dade County.

A TICKING TIME BOMB

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The city, and especially its Black community, became outraged. Citizens marched in front of the Dade County justice building carrying a black coffin. The NAACP sent letters to the federal justice department asking them to monitor the trial. Miami’s Black residents had long complained about police brutality, but as it does in most places their voice fell on deaf ears. But the McDuffie case was different. This was no drug-peddling street thug or common ghetto criminal, this was a man who had served his country as a military police officer, worked in the white-collar world and was senselessly killed by a group of deranged police. Police who, combined, had 47 citizen complaints and 13 internal review probes in the past seven years. The combination of a sympathetic victim and extremely unsympathetic attackers made this situation especially dangerous.

The situation was considered so dangerous, in fact, that Judge Nesbitt granted the defendants’ request for a change of venue to Tampa. She called the case “a time bomb I don’t want to go off in my courtroom or this community.” What the judge failed to realize, however, was that no matter where the fuse was lit, it would eventually burn all the way back to Miami.

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6 FAIRLY AMBIVALENT MEN

The trial began March 31, 1980 in Hillsborough County and was led by prosecutor Janet Reno. In a glimpse of Reno’s future stellar judgment, the 6-member jury was made up of all white males. Three officers, Hanlon, Charles Veverka and Mark Meier testified that police has surrounded McDuffie, pulled of his helmet, beaten him with flashlights and nightsticks until he was motionless, and then attempted to cover it up. Dr Ronald Wright, a Dade County medical examiner, testified that McDuffie had received the worst brain damage he had ever seen. This, apparently, was not enough for the jury.

While Del Toro had been acquitted May 8, with Judge Nesbitt agreeing that the state had failed to prove its case against him, the other five officers were acquitted May 17 after a lengthy three hours of deliberation. Why exactly the jury found them not guilty will never be known, but it didn’t matter much to the Black citizens of Miami.

MIAMI IS BURNING

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As soon as word reached South Florida that the McDuffie cops had been acquitted, residents began a march from Liberty City (Miami’s largest Black neighborhood) to the Dade County justice building. Upon arrival the NAACP could not produce a speaker, and someone went to the front of the crowd and asked for a prayer. One member of the crowd yelled “We’re tired of praying! Let’s march in the streets!” The crowd soon grew unruly and out of control. Bricks began to fly, police cars began being overturned and burned. The city was about to fall into chaos.

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Back in Liberty City, things weren’t much better. Jeffrey Kulp, a 22-year-old white motorist who ended up in a black part of town, was being attacked by the angry mob right in front of the Liberty Square housing project. His brother had been driving a car with Kulp and a female friend, when he lost control and ran into a 7-year-old Black girl. This was perhaps the worst possible thing a White person could do in Liberty City at that particular moment. Kulp was pulled form his car, beaten, stabbed shot and run over before he became the first casualty of the McDuffie riots.

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The violence escalated as two more deaths ensued and rioting, looting and burning became the norm in the city. The violence spread to other Black sections of Miami such as Overtown and Coconut Grove. Then-Governor Bob Graham sent 500 National Guard troops to Miami, but it did little to quell the violence. Rioters continued attacks on White owned-businesses, White motorists who happened to stumble through the wrong areas, and even the Dade County Department of Public Safety. A city-wide curfew from 8PM to 6AM was issued as well as a temporary ban on the sale of firearms and alcohol. Graham sent an additional 2500 guardsmen and the violence finally subsided.

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When all was said and done 18 people had been killed (8 White and 10 Black) and $100 million in property damage had been done. And, as is most often the case, the rioters did the majority of their damage to their own neighborhood. Longstanding businesses were gone, houses and apartments were destroyed, and an area that was already in bad shape had been reduced to ruin. While the Federal Government did allocate funds for rebuilding, and the state and city made some efforts, Liberty City still remains one of the poorest and most dangerous neighborhoods in America.

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NOBODY WOULD EVER BE THE SAME

The McDuffie family, including his mother, 3 children and ex-wife he was planning to re-marry, eventually received a $1.1 million settlement from the Dade County Commission. The police were re-hired after their acquittal after a threatened walkout by the fraternal order of police. After intense pressure from the NAACP, the McDuffie police were tried for civil rights violations in federal court, but again produced no convictions. A few days after the acquittal, Michael Watts attempted suicide by carbon monoxide poisoning, but survived. And Bill Hanlon, who turned in his badge voluntarily after the incident, worked for 20 years in a civilian job with the Metro police department. He then went to law school and is attempting admission to the Florida Bar despite his checkered past. He now does extensive community work with the poor and minorities around South Florida.

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While the individual parties involved in the McDuffie riots have moved on, some would debate whether or not the city has. The 1980’s changed Miami greatly. The Mariel boatlift had just ended when the riots began and the racial makeup of Dade is not what it was in 1980. Much of the middle class has left, there are few Whites remaining, and the Black community still struggles to have its voice heard. So while many of us living here feel that something like this couldn’t happen again, you need only to look around you to realize that it can. Racial tension will always be a part of daily life in Miami. We just have to do our best to keep it under control.

Related Categories: Miami: Local News,

About the Author: Matt Meltzer is a featured columnist at Miami Beach 411.

See more articles by Matt Meltzer.

See more articles by Matt Meltzer

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41 Comments on

"The Arthur McDuffie Riots of 1980"

william cordova says:

“just try to keep it under control”

wow, that is what’s part of the problem. Don’t try to keep a lid on a boiling pot. You either keep the “heat” from stirring up things inside or you let it explode.

-w.cordova

Posted on 10/15/2008 at 12:24 AM

bartow irby says:

great balanced job of reporting..did you ever consider the other side?

Posted on 10/07/2009 at 12:11 AM

Matt Meltzer says:

What would that side be?

And Bartow, are you related to Thomas Irby?

Posted on 10/07/2009 at 4:47 PM

bartow irby says:

Matt this is a one sided hack job..no mention of the lawless atmosphere that had taken over Miami throughout the 70’s..every story has two sides…this article wd lead you to believe that MPD is the the devils disciples..and is it right to kill after a bad court decision?..and Thomas I’m sure is a fine and handsome man

Posted on 10/07/2009 at 8:26 PM

Matt Meltzer says:

I’m sure Thomas would agree.

I’m not sure where you see this as justifying the rioters. It’s just explaining why it happened. Kinda like the LA riots, I don’t think a lot of people thought those people were doing the right thing, but their bad actions don’t make the injustice that led to them any better either.

Posted on 10/08/2009 at 11:05 PM

R. Goodman says:

I appreciate your well written work on this piece.the words fair and equitable come to mind. Good Job!

Posted on 01/08/2010 at 11:42 PM

Kristen Lawver says:

I was eighteen years old and a senior at Miami Norland Senior High School in 1979, when Arthur McDuffy was brutally beaten to death by the police. The horror of such a horrific hate crime will always be with me. Today, a routine traffic stop turning deadly at the hands of the police is a reality for sixty Floridians a year. Innocent people are systematically murdered by the police with tasers. I will never have faith in the United States again. I will always distrust their legal system. Black people are not fairly treated by the courts and are punished more severely than white people. The dream of having a job and a decent place to live never becomes a reality for many inner city blacks. Instead they are segregated by income and relegated to deplorable schools and have no chance of ever landing a job, or being able to pass an entrance exam into a decent school. My school had lock downs and racial riots. Some of the luckier black kids were in my school, but in reality they lived in a different world. I remember working menial jobs as a teenager and seeing management throw out their job applications as soon as they walked out. The current Social Security System still rewards the racism of the past by giving money unequally to those who got jobs based on their skin color and those who were discriminated against. The United States was built by the sweat of black slaves and they were never compensated for their work. The money they made for their “owners” has been inherited by the landowners’ children. The 1980 riots were a result of allowing 125,00 Cubans into Miami during the Mariel Boatlift three weeks prior. Many black people lost their jobs and housing. Back then, the local news teams did film and televise on the air each incident in the riots as it happened, but now, the government won’t allow it to be broadcast because they say it incites more violence. After Hurricanes Jean and Frances the Target store was looted and the news coverage was limited to a very tiny article in the local section of the Palm Beach Post one column wide and one inch tall, because the corporate newspaper did not want to scare the tourists.

Instead of providing jobs or making sure our job market is not flooded with immigrants, the United States has chosen to prosecute victimless crimes and incarcerate black men at higher rates than whites for the same offense, an in effect racial cleansing, the ultimate segregation from society. I voted for Barach Obama in the last presidential election because he is absolutely brilliant. Although the racists readily admit on television that they are “not ready” for a black president, I feel much safer, and I appreciate that he interjected himself in the incident where a black university professor was arrested for going into his own house. I wonder if a black officer at the scene of Arthur McDuffy’s heinous murder, could have saved him from having his head cracked open like an egg by police flashlights. I still feel the pain from the government’s betrayal and lies. I can understand the anger the black kids felt, and it must have been hard to see the white kids ushered into jobs and they themselves have to face unemployment and poverty because of racism. It is time to own up to the fact that racism continues to be fostered by the current system, and people are not treated fairly. It is time to talk about reparations for the abuses of the past, change the racially inspired laws such as crack cocaine vs. powder cocaine and fire police officers who racial profile, and judges who sentence blacks to harsher sentances than whites. We need to call social security welfare and equitably distribute retirement pay to make up for the injustices of the past.

Posted on 03/08/2010 at 6:50 AM

Anonymous says:

MY dear kristen…where have you been for the last 30 years?...Black people have been exploited in this country,,,but they are only the latest in a long line of racial/social injustice.When will we make it up to the Jews…and to the Slavic people(this is where the word slave comes from) there have been slaves since the beginning of time and there are to this day.Many people of color have risen above their circumstances and not been tied to the crutch you want to give them.  The lil man at Harvard was belligerent and had to be arrested..black officers were there. Minorities are given extra points at any govt job test,and this has been true for 30 yrs,we have leveled the playing field so much it leans the other way,,,and your brilliant president did not author 1 bill as a senator..he did author 2 biographies..however…so I guess he’s brilliant in the sense Hitler was brilliant…We are the same age and I have seen the drastic social changes where have you been?

Posted on 03/08/2010 at 7:32 PM

SFC.(Ret.) William C. Pouncey says:

Kristen
The Soldier at the top right is me. I have just turned 22. I am from a small town in N.W. Fl. not only did i grow up in another world away from Miami. My friends were Black as well as white. We all hade the same chance. small towns are allot like Inner cities in a way as far as opportunities and being able to advance in life. I never went to collage. Dropped out of High school in 10 grade. I too like you blamed everyone but the problem for my problems. I WAS THE PROBLEM! And there sure was no one offering me a job or money that i did not work for. So I joined the Army. Finished High school, saw the world. Met tons of people and made thousands of friends. of them, at least half are black. Friends that never ask me to do for them or pay them for something I did not do to anyone. as for as you go You are a crusader. and i admire that of you. but lashing out at every white person because you have a fraction of the facts that life is UN-FAIR “To everyone”. That makes you a poster child Racist. and as long as you keep the past close to your heart you will always be angry. and looking for someone to blame for your peoples overall lack of desire to join the American working, tax paying population. When Blacks were slaves. They lost there Name, Religion, and Rights. all those have been restored. A LONG TIME AGO. So keep playing the BLAME game. AKA RACE Card. there will never be harmony in life among Americans untill we stop pointing fingers at people who are not to blame. this only keeps the S&%T pot stirred up. These are the same people who get the crowds all worked up and YOUR people start looting there own stores that have come to your area in cities FOR YOU!!! All the merchants that i met in Miami in 1980 who’s business were burned and robed were BLACK business owners. Did white people burn Liberty city? Also the black soldiers that were with my unit were abused by local blacks as well when we were there. Calling them NIGGER and TOM ass Mother F…ers… Calling MY FRIENDS!! MY BROTHERS!! names. YOUR BROTHERS were doing this. the pore pitiful beat down thug brothers that you are so apathetic for. So you can blame Bad cops for being bad. that I’m with you on. But WHITE people are not STOPPING blacks from getting a job. the only time i did not have a job was when i did not look for one. What you are WILLING to DO is the stopping point in employment. I have pushed a shovel, dug ditches, washed dishes, cooked, bused tables, carried sheetrock by hand up 7 stories hundreds of trips. roofed houses, paint, frame construction.. and you know what? some of those people that i worked for,,, are black. with less education than me. Hard working men. took matters into there own hands and carved out a slice of AMERICAN FREEDOM!! they were too proud and strong to make excuses for something they had overcome….. Un-like YOU…... Tell me Kristen, Why didn’t they hire the black men hanging out on the block bitching because ” THE MAN(WHITEY TO YOU) be KEEPEN ME DOWN!!”? I’ll tell you why they would not hire them. Because they DID NOT WANT TO WORK.. they, like you, would rather hold there hand out and blame someone else for being THE PROBLEM In Black America.

Remember. When you point your finger at someone. You have three three pointing back at your self.

YOU SO SMART, and know so much. I almost don’t want to tell you this…................ BUT, you need to re-think your fight a little…. Why? Well Kristen,  Life in Africa in the 17, 18, 19. hundreds, was not too much different than in Inner cities today.  Blacks, “AFRICANS”.....Your, GREAT GREAT GREAT GREAT GREAT GREAT grand daddy if you will,.. were selling each other out left and right. Just like today. TURF WARS are not new to anyone any where. YOUR!!!!!!  Heritage,~ AFRICANS~,,Blacks of the MOTHER LAND if you will. were killing each other left and right. just because of AREA or land(TURF TO YOU) or maybe over a pair of Nikes, who knows. But I digress. They found a way to “GET RID” of there problem. “The Neighbors”.  and make a profit on it as well $$$$$.

THAT’S RIGHT Kristen.. CAPTURE AND $ELL!!! you get that? $ELL!!!!!!!!! YOUR! people into $LAVERY!!!!!!!!!!!!!! AFRICAN$,... BLACK$!!!!!!!!! $OLD AFRICANS!!  BLACK$!! to the Arabs, who in turn sold to the Dutch,(for the most part) Who ran the primary slave trade in the Americas out of Cuba, Nassau, Jamaica and the Caribbean Islands….... bet you didn’t know that bit of historical, “FACT” did you kristin.?? Sure you did..  It just don’t work for you when you seek reparations for the SLAVERY thing doe’s it?.....

Posted on 04/09/2010 at 9:18 PM

botirby@yahoo.com says:

well said my friend…well said ...amen brother…you are right on all the way

Posted on 04/11/2010 at 8:57 PM

Nicole says:

It’s amazing how SFC.(Ret.) William C. Pouncey how we all can tell you dropped out of school by not checking what you write.  Spell check is something you should use.  Secondly, unless you were in Kristen shoes you can’t speak on anything, unless you experience it. Yes we know blacks sold blacks as slaves.  However, WHITE people profit off of the backs of Blacks.  Let’s get it right.  Alot of things we use everyday that you enjoy were invented by BLACK people.  Had slavery not taken place, you wouldn’t be enjoying some of the things that you use today that makes your life a bit easier.  Maybe you should point the finger to yourself.  If you see the problem why don’t you see how you as a person can help stop the problem.  Get involve in community functions or see how you can make a difference in the political arena.  Better yet write a letter to Congress.  You sit here jumping on one person about what she experienced in Miami at that time.  You weren’t living in Miami at the time of the riot.  So talk about your small town and what you went through there.

Yes, black people caused the riot in there neighborhood.  However, did you take the time to see how you could help blacks in a community. No.  You were busy in the military traveling.  Maybe you should look up the Willie Lynch Letter and see why blacks do what they do.  All because of what they were taught by whom (ummm that letter was not written by a black person). 

@ Anonymous…  Why don’t you run for office and then you can speak about government.  Just because they give minorities extra points to get a job does not guarantee that the minorities get the job. Instead of you making a statement about Obama, why don’t you see how you can help make a change of the mess that was created 8 years ago.  Not all black people rely on crutches from others.  We’ve been around for the last 30 years and we still see injustices take place.  Or maybe it’s because you don’t see the injustices in your neighborhood.  I’m originally from Miami and I was around when the riot took place.  I am currently making a difference in the community in Miami working with teens and young adults so they can improve themselves and have a brighter future.  So unless you lived in Liberty City like I have and lived through the riot such as myself and others, don’t speak on it unless you experience it.

I thought the article was well written.

Posted on 05/16/2010 at 12:44 PM

fr says:

It didn’t happen again..how could you forget….1989 a motorcyclist again…Police officer Lozano shot a killed a black kid on a motorcycle.

Posted on 09/15/2010 at 6:39 AM

joe says:

Probelem is blacks want equality yet they want to segregate at the same time….Can imagine what al sharpton and jessie jackson would do if donald trump started a white miss america contest…..or a white person college fund….but yet its ok for you to do it…

if you want equality do what it takes to be a normal part of the civilized world.

Posted on 09/15/2010 at 6:43 AM

jill says:

oh yeah…lets burn down the community and get better housing…thats a great solution to the problems….

Posted on 09/15/2010 at 6:46 AM

Jean claude says:

@SFC, (Ret.) William C. Pouncey.

Your argument has everything but the very problem in the whole saga. Lack of a fair and just trial. It is one thing to suffer brutality and it is an other thing to see those sho commit it get scot free and in this case simply because they are whites. If the system is about fairness and open to every one who is willing to work hard and earn a living, then those who worked hard to see that those who commited the crime should have seen the result of their labour. It takes effort, finances, commitment to lay charges. If a black can die in the glare of camera and at the very nose of the nation, what do you think can happen in the privacy of an office when dealing with applications and job assignments.
yes, the blacks falks called those black policemen, why do you think it was the case? easy, they were working for the same system that their brothers had lost faith in.
It is easy to blame i agree but also some legimate grievances are there and at times are structural.

Posted on 11/10/2010 at 3:54 PM

SFC.Pouncey says:

@ Jean claude, from above., { former Marine Arthur McDuffie rode his Kawasaki motorcycle at over 100 mph on the morning of December 17, 1979. Several Miami police spotted McDuffie and attempted to pull him over. Because he had a suspended license and had already received one ticket for it, the Black insurance salesman fled. After a few minutes of leading the police on a high-speed chase, McDuffie finally pulled over, throwing his hands in the air and saying “I give up}
>>>>I said,((((So you can blame Bad cops for being bad.

that ““I’m with you on.”“”)))) But WHITE people are not STOPPING blacks from getting a job. the only time i did not have a job was when i did not look for one.

What you are “WILLING” to DO”” is the stopping point in employment.    ... as well as getting into and staying out of trouble.
>> Whats the best way to stay out of a Bar Fight?   

Answer,  EZ,  STAY OUT OF BARS>

>> AND you are right. He did not get a fair trial. and it is sad that they were(the cops) let go. They should have gone to Jail.  AS I SAID BEFORE. I am against CROOKED, COPS. JUDGES, and LAWYERS aka LIARS.

By the way. I ride a motorcycle have from the age of ten. and it has been my experience, that when a cop turns on the BLUE LIGHT! .... they want you to pull over and, STOP!! 

So If you RUN,,, you may get RUN DOWN,,, and beat to death,,, by “Bad Cops”.....(you never know). so don’t be “STUPID” ...and run!....

But,, if you are without “respect for self and the law”... and you,  go for it!... well,  If you get away.  you can brag to all your hommies on the block all about what you, “GOT AWAY WITH”. And how “COOL” you are.

BUT! if you get run down.. well,  YOU, took the gamble on YOUR SELF.

No, I don’t mean that it’s OK for a cop or ANYONE black or white for that matter to injure or kill a person.

But many of those who do find them self in a quandary,(self included) PUT THEM SELF THERE.

And say what you want. IT ALL started when he (McDuffie) decided to drive with,

1, a suspended license.,

2, Speed, while doing so. and

3, RUN from police when they tried to stop him.

Three “Increasingly” bad decisions on HIS part in a row within one hour.

But he had NO part in his fate, right?

It don’t clear the cops for there part. and never will ,,,,,,,,but if you don’t want to get hit by a car playing in the street…..Don’t play in the street.

Posted on 01/10/2011 at 11:18 PM

SFC. W.C. Pouncey says:

@ Nicole
  It is not the critic who counts, not the one who points out how the strong man stumbled or how the doer of deeds might have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred with sweat and dust and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs and comes short again and again, who knows the great enthusiasms, the great devotions, and spends himself in a worthy cause; who if he wins, knows the triumph of high achievement; who, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who know neither victory nor defeat. I will persist until I succeed. I was not delivered unto this world in defeat, nor does failure course in my veins. I am not a sheep waiting to be prodded by my shepherd, I am a lion and I refuse to walk, to talk, to sleep with the sheep. I will hear not those who weep and complain, for their disease is contagious. Let them join the sheep. The slaughterhouse of failure is not my destiny. I will persist until I succeed. The prizes of life are at the end of each journey not near the beginning, and it is not given unto me to know how many steps are necessary in order to reach my goal. Failure I may still encounter at the thousandth step, yet success hides behind the next bend in the road. Never will I know how close it lies unless I take another step. If that is of no avail I will take another and yet another. In truth one step at a time is not that difficult.
And by the way. you may want to do a little spell check your self.

Posted on 05/11/2011 at 9:22 PM

M. DUNN says:

I was on the Grand Jury in Miami-Dade County…for an indictment of riot victims ....1981

Posted on 07/13/2011 at 9:47 AM

patricia roker says:

this brings back some painful memories ....it was hard for a black man then on so many levels and we had yet to understand the role we played in the white man’s world’

Posted on 07/22/2011 at 9:45 AM

zer says:

Im a cuban american and had many relatives come from cuba during the mariel boat left.  Unfortuntaley I cannot post their names but most are quite successful.  If the mariel boat lift occurred three weeks prior to the riots how the hell did us cubans take your jobs.  I run a company which is 57% african american, 23% hispanic, 20% white.  If you walk through the door looking like a scank, without the dominance of the english language, pants dropped in a wife beater you are not going to get hired regardless of the color of your skin.  This country is a melting pot, the cradle of all nations.  Come here, born here, black white latin jew christian or satanist if you want to be successful you can.  If you let the past keep you in the past then stay in the past my friend.

Posted on 04/11/2012 at 9:21 AM

bartow says:

damn straight zer!!!..... i hear ya !!!

Posted on 04/12/2012 at 1:50 PM

Jose Carlos says:

I was a senior at FIU, when this travesty of justice ocurred. It was not a surprise when these criminal cops were found innocent, it is politics as usual in South Florida.

It is a surprise to me that so close to the ‘anniversary’ of the Rodney King beating, nothing of the sort has happened after Treyvon Martin’s death, fortunately for all of us.

Much more effective to bring justice to an injustice through totally peaceful means. Look at Ghandi got independence for India without firing a single shot…

Posted on 04/29/2012 at 10:17 PM

Truth says:

Im not going to argue the lies I knew Marine MP Mc Duffie and hate was his fate!

Posted on 11/11/2012 at 4:21 PM

ROBERT LLOYD NELSON says:

I LIVED IN MIAMI DURING ALL THOSE RIOTS IN THE 8O’S…PEOPLE WERE MORE POLITICALLY ACTIVE BACK THEN…..LIBERTY CITY IS GOING TO BE PART OF HIALEAH OF CERTAIN PEOPLE HAVE THEIR WAY!!!! THE ONLY CONSTRUCTION IN MIAMI IS BEING DONE BY SPANISH PEOPLE….WHICH MEANS NO JOBS FOR BLACKS AND NOBODY CARES…..JUST LIKE THE EIGHTIES…..HISTORY ALWAYS REPEATS ITSELF!! BRACE FOR MORE EXPLOSIONS FROM LIBERTY CITY…..THIS TIME FROM YOUNG PEOPLE ARMED WITH FULLY AUTOMATIC WEAPONS!!!!!!

Posted on 01/28/2013 at 9:39 PM

Tony Soprano says:

Where are the names of the Police officers responsible?

Posted on 06/12/2013 at 6:33 PM

REVYREV says:

If you were at least 15 years old in 1980, check your social security #  it will tell you why whites got all the jobs & blacks did not.  Middle two digits are even for blacks & odd for whites.  SYSTEMIC JOB DISCRIMINATION BY OUR GOVERNMENT!!!  By the way, the first 3 is like a phone area code.  CLASS DISCRIMINATION AT ITS FINEST!!!!

Posted on 08/15/2013 at 7:02 PM

SFC.Pouncey says:

REALLY!?!?  I’m White. and my middle two are even. I also have lived in the state of Florida all my life. the only area code we had was 904 up till around 1980 then they added 850 and others later.. I was borne in the late fifties…  so it would seem you got your FACTS from the same place as Kristen Lawver..  I love it when people make raciest clams,  and there FACTS are not there..  It really shines a light on There Charicator.
Im a busnsee owner. this is the first time i have EVER herd ANYTHING about this…..
P.S.  My company employs 13 people. 14 counting myself. 9 are black.

Posted on 08/15/2013 at 9:12 PM

REVYREV says:

Maybe you are not white after all.  What I meant about the first 3 digits of your SS#, it tells where you were born or where you received that number.  Check the SS Administration to verify.

Posted on 08/15/2013 at 9:58 PM

bartow irby says:

as always our black brothers play the race card, thats all they have to play, they dont want to face responsibilty, and say we could do more to be good citizens, no let’s wreak havoc, and blame on the man!!!,,, blame it on the system…....thats why you’ll always be where you are,,,,,sad,,,,,,get in the game!!!

Posted on 08/16/2013 at 2:13 AM

REVYREV says:

I’m already ahead of the game. Retired from 2 businesses of my own after 29 years in corporate america.  I have a son that has retired from corporate america & 2 daughters that own their own businesses.  I just speak the truth, I KNOW IT HURTS YOU GOOD WHITE FOLKS.  We have survived your system to this point & beat it at every turn from slave to gangster.  We’ll get the corporate & banking system soon.

Posted on 08/16/2013 at 8:17 AM

bartow irby says:

Revy Rev you will never be free. you believe there is a white boogey man behind ur every move cmon man!!!! get real you and ur family are success stories Mcduffie got drunk and lashed out, He is a person you nor I want at our Sun BBQ,,,,cant handle his drink and or drug…..I see ur name revy rev,,,you must be one of the many black clergy posers getting cash off the hood…..be cool mybrother,,,we have 1 world, 1 society,,,,,I must conform to it ,,,as you must conform to it. you have a black president,,,,,doesnt that kick all ur complaints in the dirt? God Bless you man

Posted on 08/17/2013 at 12:41 AM

REVYREV says:

bartow irby, I was through with this but you need to know this.  I get $135.00 a month for gas allowance to pastor.  Our family tithes are 5 times that much.  I am not complaining.  I spoke a verifyable truth about the historical ability of a black person to obtain employment in this country until the late 60’s.  Everyone is CLASSified by the first 3 digits of their SS#; then we are racially profiled by the next 2 digits.  That can be verified by our government (SSA).  See can you get to this, America is like a 300+ million passenger airplane.  There is first class; business class; economy class; and low class.  My saga has been from low thru economy to the edge of business class.  The irony of it all is the we all take off together; rise together, land or FALL TOGETHER.  By the way, I have relatives that don’t want at my Sunday BBQ (smile).  Be blessed, I’m out.

Posted on 08/17/2013 at 10:36 AM

Matthew Meltzer says:

The first 3 do in fact indicate the state where you got the SSN. Or where you were living when applied for, I guess. I wouldn’t exactly call that class discrimination since you’ve got all classes in all states. Except West Virginia.

Posted on 08/19/2013 at 5:33 AM

James Nesta says:

I was working at Jackson Memorial Hospital, where McDuffie was taken for treatment, at the time of McDuffie’s murder and the riot that later followed. After McDuffie was taken to the emergency room(ER) he was later taken to a neuro-surgical intensive care unit(NSICU), where he later died. My good friend who was an administrator of one of the hospital’s divisions, Ortho/Rehab/Neuro(ORN), was called by the nursing staff of the NSICU to intercede to prevent Metro-Dade police officers from seizing McDuffie’s medical records, especially the attending ER physician’s observations and comments. The police tried to bully and threaten the hospital staff to release the records to them but fortunately my friend prevailed; he dealt with Metro-Dade management/supervisory personnel to get the goons to desist. He and others at the hospital were outraged at what the officers were obviously trying to do, destroy medical evidence that would contradict their story of how McDuffie got his injuries.

Posted on 10/31/2013 at 2:25 AM

bartow irby says:

Nesta,,,,you are weak, and you are part of the problem,,,I dont believe your story.This was 33 years ago, if anyof your wild claims were true, it would have come out by now.
  Stop lying, and start working for a better society

Posted on 11/05/2013 at 2:03 AM

James Nesta says:

Irby:

“I am weak and part of the problem”, what does that mean? I am only reporting the story as told to me by the person who was involved in it, the administrator that I mentioned. He has been dead since 1994 and I don’t personally know any any of the other people that were involved or what there reasons were if they chose not to make an issue of it to the media. I came upon this website by accident and only decided to relate the story for the interest of historical completeness. People can take from it whatever they want; I personally would hope that people can learn from the tragedy that occurred and not view everything with a closed mind, as apparently you do.

Posted on 11/05/2013 at 9:43 PM

bartow irby says:

So Mr Nesta , you sre making claims tht you cannot prove,,,,whatever happenned, it did NOT Justify   the riots thant ensued, and took innocent folks lives, ,. Mcduffie was intent on raising hell, and he succeeded . And he left in his wake a lot of dead folk….he ans his family should be ashamed. When are we going to stop playing the race card? Mcduffie deserved his fate. Sad but I cant save him if he dont want to be saved. And Nesta. Idont believe any of your story, I think it’s all made up, and you should be ashamed, the blood of those peopleare on your hands

Posted on 11/07/2013 at 11:50 PM

Brittnee Taggert says:

Michael kulp is my uncle! So glad he pulled through and remains alive and healthy as ever.

Posted on 07/13/2014 at 4:04 PM

Uncle sam says:

Cubans come to this country with nothing in their pocket, not knowing a word of English ,an they succedde ,as other immigrants too.why black people do not do the same,having the advantage of language and citizenship?.because they are lazy,and always playing the race card.

Posted on 07/28/2014 at 9:40 AM

Original human says:

I was only six years old when this happened and this tragedy has haunted me for years. To answer uncle Sam and his support All Blacks are not lazy or play the race card. Whites are afraid of blacks because of the dominant genes uncle Sam you are afraid of genitic annihilation. Blacks were on this planet first and will be last whites are the ones that are lazy having slaves and housekeepers .

Posted on 08/07/2014 at 1:53 PM

Original human says:

It is sad the way some folks think everyone on Earth is has some type of bias in them.Irby I know You are afraid just like Uncle Sam but it is OK God Loves You even though you pass judgment on blacks Look in the mirror and remind yourself of the person who loves to hate.You are truly a product of ignorance and hate But a SAVAGE does not know they have to be taught retrained to know the Truth Not only about History and doctrine but about one self who has a deep sickness and is willing to display that sickness to the world hate can be contagious and You poor thing I feel sorry for your soul when God will judge you .

Posted on 08/08/2014 at 8:17 AM

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